Vinification: Grapes fermented separately by variety and vineyard. In the best years, about 5% of the grapes are not destemmed. Fermentation is spontaneous in small 1 ton bins and open fermentors. Maceration varies between 21 and 35 days depending on quality of grapes, vineyard location and soil. During fermentation and maceration extraction is done by gentle plunging and rarely pump overs. Malolactic fermentation partly in wood partly in steel.